Different types of Formwork for Concrete Structures

Because of its outstanding characteristics, concrete is one of the most extensively utilized construction materials. Concrete, on the other hand, must be poured into a specifically built mold in order to be used to make architectural parts. This is referred to as formwork or shuttering. As one of the formwork companies Sydney features, it’s imperative that you understand the different types of concrete structures.

Formwork can employ either temporary or permanent molds to keep the poured concrete in form until it cures and becomes strong enough to sustain itself. Formwork can be characterized in a variety of ways:

  • Type of material used
  • By the concrete element supported
  • Removable or permanent

Formwork is essential in concrete building. It must be strong enough to withstand all of the loads present during casting processes and then keep its shape as the concrete solidifies.

Different types of Formwork for Concrete Structures

Which Are the Requirements for Good Formwork?

Although there are many formwork materials, the following are general performance features to meet the needs of concrete construction:

  1. Capable of withstanding dead and live loads.
  2. Retaining its shape with adequate props and braces.
  3. Joints must be leak-proof.
  4. If formwork is removable, the process must not damage the concrete.
  5. Reusable material.
  6. As lightweight as possible.
  7. The formwork material should not warp or distort.

When choosing formwork, keep the kind of concrete and the pouring temperature in mind, since both impact the pressure exerted. Formwork must also be able to withstand loads of wet and dry concrete.

Formwork necessitates the use of structures such as poles and stabilizers to prevent movement during building operations, which is referred to as falsework. A skilled crew and proper supervision are required to achieve good quality while working with concrete. In this regard, you should hire one of the best formwork companies Sydney has to offer.

The following sections provide an overview of some common formwork materials.

Timber Formwork

Timber formwork was one of the original forms of formwork employed in the construction business. It is the most adaptable variety and is erected on-site, providing the following benefits:

  • Easy to produce and remove
  • Lightweight, especially when compared with metallic formwork
  • Workable, allowing any shape, size and height
  • Economical in small projects
  • Allows the use of local timber

However, before utilizing lumber, its condition must be thoroughly examined to ensure that it is free of termites. Timber formwork also has two drawbacks that must be considered: it has a short life period and takes a long time to install in large projects. Timber formwork is often preferred when labor costs are minimal or when intricate concrete portions necessitate flexible formwork.

Plywood Formwork

Plywood is frequently used in conjunction with lumber. It is a produced hardwood substance that comes in a variety of sizes and thicknesses. It is primarily utilized in formwork applications for sheathing, decking, and form linings.

Plywood formwork has the same features as timber formwork, such as strength, durability, and lightweight.

Metallic Formwork: Steel and Aluminum

Steel formwork is becoming more popular due to its extended service life and ability to be reused several times. Steel formwork, though expensive, is beneficial for several projects and is a reasonable solution when numerous possibilities for reuse are anticipated.

The following are some of the main features of steel formwork:

  • Strong and durable, with a long lifespan
  • Creates a smooth finish on concrete surfaces
  • Waterproof
  • Reduces honeycombing effect in concrete
  • Easily installed and dismantled
  • Suitable for curved structures

Steel formwork and aluminum formwork are extremely comparable. The primary distinction is that aluminum has a lower density than steel, making formwork lighter. Aluminum also has a lesser strength than steel, which must be taken into account when employing it.

Plastic Formwork

This style of formwork is composed of lightweight and durable plastic and is made up of interlocking panels or modular systems. Plastic formwork is best suited for modest projects with repeated operations, such as low-cost housing developments.

Plastic formwork is lightweight and easily cleaned with water, making it ideal for big portions and several reuses. Its biggest disadvantage is that it is less flexible than lumber because many components are prefabricated.

Fabric Formwork

Fabric formwork, also known as flexible formwork, is a type of formwork that is made of fabric. This technique employs lightweight, high-strength fabric sheets that are meant to adapt to the fluidity of concrete and produce fascinating architectural shapes.

This style of formwork requires less concrete than rigid systems, resulting in cost savings. It is a new technology in the shuttering business that is well suited for irregular and complicated designs.

Stay-In-Place Formwork

This formwork is intended to stay in place after the concrete has hardened, functioning as axial and shear reinforcement. This formwork is constructed on-site using prefabricated, fiber-reinforced plastic forms. It is mostly utilized in piers and columns, and it also resists corrosion and other sorts of environmental degradation.

Coffor is another sort of stay-in-place formwork that may be utilized in any sort of building:

  • It is composed of two filtering grids, reinforced by stiffeners and linked with articulated connectors.
  • Thanks to its construction, it can be easily transported from a factory to the point of use.

Permanent Insulated Formwork

This is one of the most sophisticated formwork systems, with permanent insulation. It may also have thermal, acoustic, fire, and rodent resistant qualities. The most popular type of permanent insulated formwork is insulating concrete forms (ICF), in which concrete structures are insulated with polystyrene boards that remain in place after the concrete has dried.

Permanent insulated formwork provides energy efficiency and sustainability, helping to reduce the environmental effect of the building industry.

Classifying Formwork Based on Structural Components

Formwork can be classed not only by material, but also by the construction elements that it supports:

  • Wall formwork
  • Beam formwork
  • Foundation formwork
  • Column formwork
Different types of Formwork for Concrete Structures

All formwork types are designed to sustain the structure they support, and the materials and needed thickness are specified in the associated building plans. It is vital to remember that formwork building takes time and might account for 20 to 25% of structural expenditures. Consider the following suggestions to reduce the cost of formwork:

  • To allow for formwork reuse, building layouts should reuse as many architectural elements and geometries as feasible.
  • When dealing with wooden formwork, it should be chopped into big enough pieces to be reused.
  • The design and purpose of concrete constructions differ. As with other project selections, no choice is superior to the others for all purposes; the best formwork for your project will vary based on building design.

Final thoughts

With what you just read, you should be able to understand the different types of formwork. This is especially beneficial if you’re running a formwork business and need it to rank as ome of the top-rated formwork companies Sydney has to offer.

Posted by Zaheer in Formwork Sydney

Our Freedom Statement on Johnson Amendment Repeal

On Thursday, February 2, 2017, at the National Prayer Breakfast, newly elected President Donald J. Trump stated that he would “totally destroy” the Johnson Amendment. This amendment, authored by Senator Lyndon B. Johnson, was an amendment to H.R. 8300 which was a bill in the 83rd Congress. It became part of the Internal Revenue Code of 1954 without discussion or debate. During the Ronald Reagan administration, it was included in the Internal Revenue Code of 1986.

The Johnson Amendment affects all 501(c)(3) non-profit organizations in that it prohibits those organizations from endorsing or opposing political candidates. Such organizations include churches, universities, and charitable foundations. Immediately after the President’s statement, legislators in the House of Representatives Jody Hice (R) and Steve Scalise (R) put forth bills which would allow these organizations to remain tax-exempt and to express political views under two provisions: first, the political views expressed would have to be made during regular activities and second, associated spending would have to be minimal.

Our Freedom: A Pagan Civil Rights Coalition consists of leaders and liaisons of national Pagan organizations and publications in America. As a Constitutionally protected group of minority religions, we are particularly concerned with issues of church and state.

The leaders herein undersigned oppose any effort to rescind, reverse, and/or repeal the Johnson Amendment. Since 1954 it has been a bulwark in the tax code where it has reinforced both the Establishment Clause and the Free Exercise Clause of the First Amendment. Should this amendment be, as expressed by President Trump, “totally destroyed,” it is the belief of Our Freedom that this nation will begin traversing a path toward the establishment of Christianity as the official and preferred religion of the state. This would be in express contravention to the First Amendment of the United States Constitution and over two centuries of established Constitutional law

Therefore, we, the undersigned, express and affirm our support for the Johnson Amendment.


Cairril Adaire
Our Freedom: A Pagan Civil Rights Coalition

Aisling ni Bhrigide
Clann Mistress, Four Dragons Clann, 1734 Witchcraft
Tribal Doyenne, Toteg Tribe

Rev. Angie Buchanan
Executive Director
Earth Traditions

Rona Coomer-Russell
Isis Invicta

Phyllis Curott, Esq.
President, Temple of Ara
Vice Chair Emerita, Parliament of the World’s Religions

Drema Deòraich
Our Freedom Coalition

Dianne C. Duggan
Assistant Director
Legal Affairs Coordinator
Lady Liberty League

Dana D. Eilers
Attorney and Author
Pagans and the Law: Understand Your Rights

Holli S. Emore
Executive Director
Cherry Hill Seminary

Susan Granquist
Irminsul Ættir

Jerrie Hildebrand
Vice President of Communications
Covenant of Unitarian Universalist Pagans

Ellen Evert Hopman
Tribe of the Oak

H.E. Rev. Patrick McCollum
The Patrick McCollum Foundation For Peace

M. Macha NightMare (Aline O’Brien)
National Interfaith Officer
Covenant of the Goddess

Anne Newkirk Niven
Editor & Publisher

Rev. David L. Oringderff, PhD
Executive Director
Sacred Well Congregation

David Pollard
Executive Director
Covenant of Unitarian Universalist Pagans

Posted by Zaheer in Freedom Statement

Pagan Coalition Stands Against Victimization

We the undersigned are adherents of Pagan and Neo-Pagan Religions, including Wicca, Neo-Pagan Witchcraft, Druidism, Asatru and other indigenous Earth Religions, who practice a variety of positive, life-affirming faiths that are dedicated to healing, both of ourselves and of the Earth. We do not advocate or condone any acts that victimize others, including those proscribed by law.

We absolutely condemn the practices of child abuse, sexual abuse, and any other form of abuse that does harm to the bodies, minds or spirits of individuals. We offer prayers, therapy, and support for the healing of the victims of such abuses.

In recent years the victimization of children has been brought to light in a manner not seen in the past. Efforts are underway in schools and other youth organizations to teach children and adults to be aware of and respond proactively to violence against others.

Examples of victimization have also come to light in religious circles and many victims’ rights groups have emerged to advocate for and support those who were abused as children.

We stand strongly against the victimization of children, students, women and men. We call for persons who have witnessed such atrocities to speak up and actively seek to protect the powerless and prevent further abuse.

Signed: Our Freedom: A Pagan Civil Rights Coalition

Rev. Patrick McCollum
The Patrick McCollum Foundation

Rev. Kathryn Fuller
The Circle of the Wildewood

M. Macha NightMare (Aline O’Brien), Witch at Large

Cairril Adaire
Founder, Our Freedom: A Pagan Civil Rights Coalition

Holli S. Emore
Executive Director, Cherry Hill Seminary 

Carol Barner-Barry (Raven of SpiralHeart)

Rev. David L. Oringderff, PhD
Executive Director
Sacred Well Congregation

Dianne C. Duggan (Minerva Thalia)
Lady Liberty League
Circle Sanctuary

Posted by Zaheer in Victimization